E is for Exile

  • 586-539 BC
  • Books: Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Obadiah, some Psalms
  • God punishes Israel
    • Exile from the promised land
      • Israel in 722 to Assyria
      • Judah in 586 to Babylon
      • Exiles Israel because they continuously broke the Mosaic covenant, primarily by worshipping idols. They rejected the laws of the Lord and committed evil in His eyes (such as child sacrifice). God brings the covenant curses (Lev 27 and Deut 28) upon them for this
    • God’s presence leaves Israel (Ezekiel)
      • Temple is destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar (586)
  • God continues to be faithful after exile
    • Promised that exile would only last 70 years (Jeremiah)
    • Is with Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abendego in Babylon
    • Hears Daniel’s prayer of repentance for Israel and responds
  • God continues to make promises
    • God will bring Israel back (Jer 31; Eze 34:24, 37:21, 39:27)
    • Jerusalem and temple will be rebuilt (Isaiah 44, Eze 40-46)
    • God will give Israel a new heart and put a new spirit in them (Eze 36:26)
    • God will make a new covenant with Israel (Jer 31:31-33; Eze 37:26)
    • God will forgive their sin (Jer 31:34; Joel 3:21)
    • God will pour out His spirit on all flesh (Joel 2:28-29; Eze 37:14, 39:29)
    • God will establish an everlasting kingdom under the rule of the son of man (Dan 7)
    • God will establish His dwelling place/sanctuary with them (Eze 37:27)
  • Prophets
    • Ezekiel (6th C)
      • Exposes Israel’s sins (1-24)
        • Sees Israel as blind and deaf
        • Sees Israel as a harlot
      • Watchman for Israel – warns them that Lord is coming with judgment, though they will not listen
      • Judgment also on surrounding nations
      • Sees Lord’s presence leave the Temple (Eze 10)
      • Message of hope also
        • New heart and new spirit (Eze 36:25-27)
          • Needed to change Israel
          • Vision of dry bones
          • Temple restored
    • Daniel (6th C)
      • Wisdom comes from God
      • Chapter 2 – key chapter
      • King Nebuchadnezzar has a dream, is troubled by it, and wants to know the meaning.
      • Daniel asks for time to pray.
      • Prayer is central to Daniel.
        • The alternative to being an idol worshipper is turning to God in prayer.
        • Daniel has friends that he can pray with.
      • This is the posture of wisdom.
      • Daniel gives the glory to God. (vs 28)
      • 4 kingdoms that will rise and fall in the dream: Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome
      • YAHWEH is not used until Chapter 9 – it is God’s covenant name
      • Daniel 9:11 – “refusing to obey your voice.” Just like Adam/Eve in the Garden.
      • Dan. 9:17 mirrors Ezekiel 20
      • The promises of restoration will be fulfilled through the Messiah.
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